Wild Boar

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Project Description

Wild Boar

Sus scrofa

Range/Geographical Distribution: Native to Africa and Eurasia but has been introduced to the United States and is now found from Virginia to Florida and west to Texas.  Also in California and the Hawaiian Islands.

Habitat: Forests, low-lying areas, and dry brush.

Description: Large land mammals with a stocky body and upward curving tusks.  Usually blackish or gray-brown but coloration varies.  Feet have four toes and young are striped or spotted. 

Size: Can reach 3.5’ tall at the shoulder and weigh up to 350 lbs.

Food: Omnivores, will eat acorns, roots, fruit, small animals, and bird eggs.

Breeding: Females have up to 12 young in a litter and may have two litters per year.

Predators: Adult boars are hunted by humans, bears, packs of wolves or dogs, and panthers. Young pigs may be eaten by dogs, coyote, bobcats, raccoons, birds of prey, and even larger hogs.

Conservation Status: Listed as least concern on the IUCN in its native habitat.

Interesting Facts: Wild boars are nocturnal and feed mostly at night.  Males are solitary but females may be found in large groups called sounders with their young.  Boars can live up to 15 years.  Both males and females have tusks, although the females’ are smaller, which they use to root out their food. 

On the Coast: Wild boar cause considerable environmental damage along Georgia’s coast including killing native vegetation and eating native animals such as sea turtle eggs.

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