Green anole

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Project Description

Green Anole

Anolis carolinensis

 

Range/Geographical Distribution: North Carolina south to Florida and west to Texas.

Habitat: Forests, scrubland, swamps, fields, residential areas. Very common lizard found on shrubs, vines, old buildings, and trees. 

Description: A small green lizard with a pink throat fan.  Color changing ability allows the lizard to change its body color from green to green/brown to brown. 

Size: Can grow to a length of eight inches including the tail.  Hatchlings are just over two inches at birth.

Food: Insects, spiders, and other small arthropods.

Breeding: Breed from April to August and females can lay six to nine eggs per year.  The eggs are placed in moist soil, leaf litter, rotting wood, or under debris and hatch after five to seven weeks of incubation.  Anoles reach sexual maturity between eight and nine months.  Females can store sperm for several months.

Predators: Birds, mammals, and snakes.

Conservation Status: Abundant, listed as least concern on the IUCN Red List.  No known major threats.

Interesting Facts: This lizard is sometimes misnamed as a chameleon and is often sold in pet stores.  Anoles sleep on the underside of leaves during the night. 

On the Coast: Anoles are common along the coast of Georgia and help keep insect populations in check.

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