Range/Geographical Distribution: Along the coast from Delaware to Texas.
Habitat: Salt and brackish water marshes in the high marsh.
Description: Leaves are black/gray/green and stem-like, with very sharp points. Occurs in dense stands.
Size: Can reach five feet in height.
Breeding: Flowers from May to October and produces tiny, dark seeds from July to November.
Predators/Ecological Function: Large, dense, areas of black needlerush protect shorelines, help filter suspended solids, take up nutrients, and facilitate soil oxygenation. Birds and muskrats use the seeds and vegetation of needlerush.
Conservation Status: No legal status.
Interesting Facts: Black needlerush is one of more than 30 rushes that can be found in Georgia. This rush is often used to help restore estuaries.
On the Coast: Black needlerush is a dominate plant of the saltmarsh and can cover large areas in the high marsh along Georgia’s coast. Be careful when walking through these areas as the sharp leaves of this plant can cause injuries.